This gallery was conceptualized with the goal of reviving the glorious and rich past of Istana Kota Beram as it stood during the reign of Al-Marhum Sultan Abu Bakar. Visitors will find exhibits regarding the rich history of the Pahang Sultanate from its humble beginnings up until today, including each royal ceremony, the women of the palace and each legendary figure of Pahang. Among the artifacts and collections on display include royal ceremonial artifacts, malay letters, the royal emblem, the royal seal, the Pahang gamelan, paintings of the women of the palace, items belonging to the legendary figures of Pahang and other artifacts included in the royal collection.
The Ceramic Gallery is located underneath Istana Kota Beram on the right hand side. Among the ceramics on display include those from China like the An-Hue (Secret Decoration), Tang San Chai, Celadon, Blue and White Porcelain (Ming Dynasty), Blue White Porcelain (Ching Dynasty), Polychrome Porcelain ‘Famille Verte’ and Nyonya Ware. Japanese Ceramics like the Kutani and the Porcelain Imari are also displayed.
The Archeological Gallery is located underneath Istana Kota Beram on the left hand side. It exhibits the history of archeology in Pahang, which starts from prehistoric times (Mesolithic/Hoabin, Neolithic and the Metal Age) and also includes protohistoric times. Artifacts discovered during the proto-historic age, like the ceramics of Pulau Tioman and from the Royal Nan Hai Shipwreck, the bronze sculptures, the Penarikan Route (an important trans-peninsular waterway link), the arrival of Islam and the history of the royal town of Pekan are exhibited here. Artifacts from the Metal Age like skeletal fragments and a fragment piece of the Dongson Drum are also on exhibit.
Art is the expression or application of human creative skill and imagination, an achievement that produces exquisiteness, awe or raises naturally exceptional feelings in human beings through a medium that translates it into audio like the art of sounds, visual like paintings and drawings or through movement like the art of dancing and drama. Art can stir the soul, bring about understanding, generate emotions, amazement, and calmness or vice versa invoke hatred, resentment, anxiety and so on.
Islam is concerned about human needs whether related to the physical, spiritual, mind and emotions. Islam does not reject art. The Al-Quran has explained that beauty as a result of the work of art will make man contemplate on the splendid creation of Heaven and Earth. As a matter of fact, the Al-Quran itself contains the appeal of art forms like the art of reciting the Al-Quran, the melody, calligraphy and literature.
Traditional weapons are tools used by the Malay people to protect themselves from enemy threats and also to help in their daily work. Among the short blades (Sikin) like the short keris; rencong/ Tumbuk lada, a slightly curved Minang dagger, literally meaning ‘pepper crusher’; kerambit/ Kuku Machan i.e. a blade shaped like a tiger’s claw; the dagger, the Lawi Ayam,Tombal Tangkal Durian; and the Sundang a double edged Bugis sword often wavy bladed, are for viewing in this gallery.